1817: Tom Taylor, British playwright whose play Our American Cousin was being performed at Ford's Theater when President Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth. On the track of an assassin.
1833: Adam Lindsay Gordon, Australian poet.
1858: Alice Josephine McLellan Birney, child welfare worker whose ideas evolved into the PTA.
1895: Lewis Mumford, American writer, urban planner and social critic (The City in History).
1931: John Le Carré, English suspense and spy novelist.
October 19th in history
1448: The Ottoman Sultan Murat II defeats Hungarian General Janos Hunyadi at Kosovo, Serbia.
1466: The peace of Torun ends the war between the Teutonic knights and their own disaffected subjects in Prussia.
1781: Major General Lord Charles Cornwallis surrenders to George Washington and Count de Rochambeau at Yorktown, Va. Cornwallis surrenders 7,157 troops, including sick and wounded, and 840 sailors, along with 244 artillery pieces. Losses in this battle had been light on both sides. The Revolutionary War is effectively ended.